Both Kibaki's and Odinga's factions are responsible for the violence, but the bulk of it should go to Kibaki. There's no dispute the election was rigged, though it doesn't necessarily mean Raila Odinga has won. But Kibaki went ahead and formed his government anyway, hardly a reconciliatory gesture.
Quarter of million people have fled their homes because of the violence, I was shocked by the number. I expected thousands were effected, but never that big a number in only few weeks. But it was also extremely disheartening to see one of the few remaining countries in East Africa with no civil war of a sort to crumble like this. Nobody expected it, not even the Kenyans.
What makes this tragedy even bigger is the fact that Kenya is home to all East African refugees; from Somalia, Rwanda, Sudan and elsewhere. Daniel Arap Moi, it was reported, once warned Kenyans in a speech: "Look at the Somalis", he said, "they don't have home, the don't have a country and they don't have Ugali. Do you want to be like them!". It was a powerful message. But the current Kenyan political elite clearly don't understand it: using tribalism and ethnicity for their own gains will plunge the country into a civil war, just like Somalia and Sudan.